FIG Commission 3 - Spatial Information Management

Term 2015-2018

Highlights Commission Chair

 

Dr. Enrico Rispoli, Italy

Commission 3, through the coordination of the Chair Enrico Rispoli and the contribution of the four working groups, composed of professionals and academics from around the world, has achieved excellent results in participations and involvements of members.

Thanks to the cooperation of the delegates, more research have been in simple and reliable method of collecting, monitoring and managing data concerning the territory (geographical, aero photogrammetric, geomorphological, economic, land, statistics, etc.).

The technical and working sessions focused on the following matters:

  1. SIM Infrastructure;
  2. Technical Aspects of SIM;
  3. 3D Cadastre;
  4.  Crowdsourcing and VGI supporting SDI.
  5. SDI at all levels – local, regional, national and global;
  6. SIM challenges – natural and environmental risk prevention and disaster management, mitigation, waste management, etc.;
  7. VGI collection, dissemination, analysis, applications, maintenance and visualization;
  8. e-Governance and SDI in supporting decision making – theory, applications and best practice;
  9. Integration of SDIs – cadastre, land use, utilities, environment, socio-economic;
  10. SDI interoperability – standards, technical tools, metadata, portals;
  11. 3D/4D Cadastre;
  12. Utilization of VGI and Crowdsourcing with SDI, SIM and environmental information;
  13. 2D/3D/4D geospatial models, algorithms, visualization, standards and applications;
  14. Web and mobile GIS – challenges, services and real-time capabilities;
  15. Business models and SDI, public-private partnerships and economic aspect.

The importance of the general topics as SDI, SIM, GIS, etc. together with VGI and Crowdsourcing has drawn the attention of many delegates who have allowed to carry out interesting working sessions during the FIG Working Week in Helsinki and during the Commission 3 Annual Meeting and Workshop.


Work Plan

Terms of Reference

  •  The use of Spatial Information Management (data, tools, procedures, regulations, standards);
  • The support of Good governance (sustainable development, poverty reduction, social and economic growth, social security);
  • Spatial data infrastructure;
  • Research on the use of crowdsourced VGI data and derived information to geoscientific disciplines that make use of mapping, GIS, and Geo-SDI systems and procedures;
  • The research of the methods for the sustainable development especially of mega cities and emerging countries with high index of development;
  • The study and monitoring, as control of the fragility and vulnerability of the territory.

Mission statement

The mission of Commission 3 is to:

  • Increase awareness about successful SIM approaches and achievements within the “e-Society” by showing good practice like availability, reliability, efficiency and accessibility of spatial information for better decision making and processes.
  • Support the use of spatial information and SIM-tools by surveyors and by all participants in decision-making to serve the goals of good governance.
  • Share good practice on managerial processes and infrastructure required for data handling, using information and distributing knowledge.
  • Share good practice and develop high-level methods and techniques for merging and managing updated spatial information at various levels according to market requirements.
  • Establish and maintain data - and data-quality-standards relevant to SIM, while cooperating with international spatial data standard committees.
  • Encourage the use of spatial information within e-government and e-commerce.
  • Cooperate and coordinate with the related United Nations Committees and other geospatial information societies and organizations active in the field based on request from the Council, they key focus will be in co-operation with ISPRS (Commission IV on Geodatabases and Digital Mapping), ICA (commission on Geospatial Data Standards), GSDI, EUROGI.
 

Work Plan

 
     
Key documents

Publications

Working Groups

Working Group 3.1 – SIM Infrastructure

Policy Issues

SIM has the role of an integrator of components for a Spatial Information Infrastructure especially for urban areas within the information society. SIM is a facilitator for IT based services for planners, administration as well as for citizens.

Chair

Prof. Dr. Hartmut Mueller
GERMANY,
E-mail: hartmut.mueller[at]hs-mainz.de

Working Group 3.2 – Technical aspects of SIM

Policy issues

The on-going development of tools, techniques and policies for spatial management of urban areas, in particular cities/megacities but also rural, forest and coastal areas leads to the need for collection, management and integration of various spatial data, such as: optical and SAR satellite and aerial images, images derived from various kinds of UAV, images derived from the Internet, orthophotos, point clouds derived from LiDAR and terrestrial laser scanners, global DTMs, etc. These data and the need for their management in real time or in a short time, in order to monitor growth and change across the urban environment and to forecast areas of risk, leads to the development of specific techniques for Big Data management. The on-going development of 3D and 4D spatial or city models, using photogrammetric or computer vision techniques, demands the development of interoperable formats and tools for the exchange of geometric and semantic 2D/3D data and information. The improvement and enrichment of data and spatial product quality control methods and techniques is an important issue as the variety of data collection sources and information management and integration procedures become wider.

Chair

Ioannidis Charalabos, Greece
email: cioannid[at]survey.ntua.gr


Working Group 3.3 – 3D Cadastre (Joint Working Group with Commission 7)

Policy issues

The results of the previous term (2010-2014) of the working group provide a solid basis for the next 4-year phase of the working group. The concept of 3D Cadastres is here to stay and the number of implementations is increasing, quite often with ambition to become LADM (ISO 19152:2012) compliant.

In 3D, it is even more important to connect land administration to other registrations via SDI: buildings, tunnels, cables/pipelines, terrain elevation, etc. (physical and legal 3D objects should be aligned). The main objective of the working group is to establish an operational framework for 3D-Cadastres. The operational aspect addresses the following issues:

  • A common understanding of the terms and issues involved.
  • Concepts should be refined and agreed based on the ISO 19152 Land Administration Domain Model.

A description of issues that have to be considered (and to what level) before whatever form of 3D-cadastres can be implemented. These will provide 'best practices' for the legal, institutional and technical aspects.

Chair

Peter van Oosterom, The Netherlands
email: P.J.M.vanOosterom[at]tudelft.nl


©2021 FIG